Still a lot of studies and research centers wonder about the reason of the ISIS efficiency in recruiting people was born and raised in Europe. The answer of this question is not easy because there are multiple reasons but there are general guidelines:
many of those who recruited whether they came to Iraq or Syria or stayed in Europe have immigrant’s origins, especially from the Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia, such as Salah Abdulsalam, one of those who carried out Paris attacks last year and got caught in Belgium. All of those are European citizens; they all were born and studied in Europe but they always suffered of discrimination. They lived in poor and independent ghettos. They were often treated as thieves and they suffered a lot of local authorities’ violations, in 2006 a lot of demonstrations started in the French suburbs against killing two Moroccan guys by the police.
This was during the presidential elections. In which Nicola Sarkozy was fighting to be a president and when he asked about these two guys they told him that they were thieves and they were escaping from the police and that made things even more badly. Lately, the French police managed to control the situation after imposing the state of emergency. The absence of any real community initiative left those filled with hatred. ISIS knew exactly how to use this gap, and convinced many to recruit not for Islam but for vengeance.
the occurrence of ISIS helped in strengthen the bond between crime and terrorism. Instead of going to mosques, ISIS went to the ghettos and prisons in order to recruit people with a criminal history. Prisons provide angry young men that were raised on extremism.
Researchers in the International Center of studying extremism and political violence, which is located in London, analyzed the characters of 79 European terrorists from Belgium, Britain, Denmark, France, Germany and Netherlands, all of them either traveled for fighting or involved in terrorist attacks in Europe. 57% of them were in prison before and 27% of those who were in prison turned into terrorists inside the prison.
Al Qaeda, which ISIS came from, used the World Wide Web to share their leaders’ speech along with some jihadist forums. ISIS on the other hand, the large number of its fighters recruited through Internet, the terror group continued its work in Internet using videos, blogs and social media they used both English and Russian languages in their blogs and their videos are translated to several languages such as English, French, German, Spanish and Urdu.
The videos produced by the terrorist group Agencies such as Al Furqan and Al-Etesam show the significant shift the group’s structure and capabilities. They produced several high quality videos called (Saleel Al Sawarim) which showed the group’s humongous capabilities.
The study showed that ISIS fighters are taking advantage of people’s sympathy with them over Internet and they started attracting people using shiny words and statements knowing that the Saudis entertainment is through the internet and chat websites and social media. This is exactly how ISIS used technology to recruit a lot more fighters.